Origins of Social Security – Part 1 – The English Poor Laws


The notion of the nation helping its inferior, disabled, and older has existed since the invention of the idea of a situation. In antiquity, states employed diverse systems with varying degrees of accomplishment. Usually the responsibility dropped over the families to take care of the disabled and older and also the condition usually stepped in to encourage the overall poor in one way or the other. With the meltdown of the ancient world and also the growth of feudalism in Western Europe, many of those responsibilities were assumed by the Roman Catholic Church. During the majority of the medieval period the Church alone ran hospitals, poor houses, and also other services meant to aid the poor and indigent.

The notion of state support ประกันสังคม  for those struggling to look after themselves in the United States came with the colonists from England. From the Spanish and French colonies, the Roman Catholic Church played the central role, where as in Protestant England that the expulsion of the Church meant that their nation had to intervene. Building upon previous efforts, the”Act for the Relief of the Poor” of 1601 represented the first major English law meant to offer some relief into the”ancestral poor”

The relief extended into the”ancestral bad” usually amounted to grants of free food (that the”parish loaf”) and also clothing. In some areas, alms houses adapted the older without families in a position to take care of them. The apps were administrated by local officials known as”Overseers of the Poor.” Each parish had this overseer and the idea was that the local overseer would have to be familiar with community poor, thereby which makes him qualified to differentiate between the”deserving” and”undeserving” poor and expand relief as appropriate. The theory made sense, however additionally, it led to gross abuses while the overseer had nearly total power over his charges and also their ability to call home.

Although the Poor Laws were instituted by Parliament and represented national law in England and Wales, it was executed everywhere at the parish level, there was no regional or national infrastructure intended to evenly distribute resources. This meant that the sum of relief received directly correlated with the abundance of the location. Each parish has been permitted to inflict a”poor rate” or regional tax which has been apparently meant to provide relief to the poor. Like the awarding of aid, the local tax was enforced by the Overseer of the Poor, leading to further abuses. The machine usually worked because those”ancestral bad” were not mobile and able to proceed from place to set for superior relief. This is part of the reason why that these benefits weren’t given to the other classes of poor, who were generally able bodied and ready to travel.

This simple system stayed in effect until the twentieth century and these were the notions that came to the English colonies in North America. The Poor Laws were barbarous and corrupt by modern standards but at that time they were viewed as reasonable. The 1601 classification of”ancestral bad” still represents a number of the same states that qualify visitors to receive benefits from Social Security to day.

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